Black Belt – 4th Degree

4th Degree Core Elements

  • Core Techniques 1 to 15 – two attackers (one at a time) – dynamic grabbing or punching – 100% resistance
  • Core techniques – 4 up
  • Defence against Sword (Kom)
  • Self-defence with the Belt (Po Bak Sul)
  • Self-defence with the Fan (Bu Chae Sul)
  • Self-made weapon pattern (sword, pole, walking cane, belt or short stick)
  • Self defence using opponent’s momentum

Core Techniques 1 to 15

You will be required to perform the Core techniques – in order – against two attackers (one at a time) dynamic grabbing or punching attack (your choice) – the attacker is to apply 100% resistance. Use the attacker’s force.

  • C1 Wing Lock
  • C2 Elbow Roll
  • C3 Z-lock
  • C4 Face Push
  • C5 Corkscrew Lock
  • C6 Fan Lock
  • C7 Hammer Lock
  • C8 Arm Bar
  • C9 Wrist & Shoulder Throw
  • C10 Leg Reap
  • C11 Hip Throw
  • C12 Step Behind & Throw
  • C13 Whip Throw
  • C14 Tornado Throw
  • C15 Neck & Chin Throw

Core Techniques 4 up

Combine 4 core techniques – demonstrate complete control of attacker from beginning to end – provide no opportunity for the attacker to escape or hit you during the transition – you can pick any four techniques – be creative but practical as well. You should work out how to turn an attacker’s resistance into the next technique. Have a set of about 5 combinations worked out for your grading.

Last technique in the set of 4 must be a dynamic throw – finishing with the attacker locked on the ground.

Defence against Sword (Kom)

The main aim of these techniques is to go in past the danger zone and quickly disable the opponent to prevent them from continuing. In actual combat you would only get one chance (if you are very lucky). For these exercises the sword attack is to the top of your head.

1. Block, strike wrist & head

Upper block and move in to right, strike the fingers of their right hand, grab their left wrist with your left hand, pull the hand down as you strike across the face with the Danbon.

2. Block, strike wrist, throat & arm bar

Upper block and move in to right, strike the fingers of their right hand, grab their left wrist with your left hand, pull the hand towards you as you push the Danbon though their arms to push into the throat. Push the arm right through and apply an arm bar.

3. Block & tornado throw

Upper block and move in to left, grab their right hand and spin clockwise into a tornado throw. Apply the Danbon to the wrist as you throw them and try to finish with the sword in your hand (don’t let the sword fly across the room).

4. Block & strike top of foot

Upper block, drop forwards (guard your face against their knee) and strike the top of the foot with the end of the Danbon. Grab the back of the ankle with your left hand and push against the shin (spleen 6) with the Danbon to make them fall.

5. Straight through & strike solar plexus

Move in to left (don’t block) and strike the ribs with the Danbon.

Belt techniques (Po Bak Sul)

For the grading you will need to demonstrate 10 techniques.

One of the finest tools for effective self defence in both traditional and modern martial arts is the belt.
In Korean, belt techniques are called Po Bak Sul or rope tying techniques. These techniques are used for submission and opponent control and are so effective that they are used by law enforcement officers in Korea.

The Belt can easily be substituted by a rope, dog lead, tie, towel or a scarf. The techniques of the rope include wrapping and binding the limbs and neck. Opponent control techniques are used to escort an attacker using the length of the rope. Add joint locks and pressure point techniques and the rope becomes an extremely effective self defence weapon.

Belt techniques were used in ancient Korea by the Korean royal palace guards. No-one was allowed to carry a bladed weapon within the royal court. However, the guards very often carried an innocent-looking length of rope and any trespasser on the royal premises would soon find themselves wrapped up and subdued.

Fan techniques (Bu Chae Sul)

For the grading you will need to demonstrate 10 techniques.

Using the fan (Bu Chae in Korean) as a weapon may have originated from the Royal Court where weapons were prohibited.

Some Korean fans have steel ribs thus making them capable of even blocking a sword (in theory). Some were even sharpened at the end (and may have been dipped in poison). Some Korean fans have wooden ribs constructed of Pak Dahl – an extremely tough birch tree that thrives in the ice storms and harsh seasons of Korea’s mountain peninsula. The wood is steamed and oiled under specific temperatures with special herbs, giving it an extra hardness that rivals metal.

The techniques involve generally striking as the fan opens to vital areas (throat, eyes, groin, stomach), using the folded fan pretty much like a danbon and using the open fan as a shield (to hide what you are about to do) or as a flutter in front of the face to distract the attacker.

Fans get their power and penetration from the speed of the blow. Speed comes from a loose, relaxed whip-like wrist action.

Weapon Pattern – Self Made

Make up a pattern using either sword, pole, walking cane, belt or short stick.

Self defence against two attackers at a time

10 techniques.

Multiple grabbing – more than one attacker can grab at a time.

Self Defence using the Opponent’s Momentum

These techniques are to be executed at the moment of, or just before contact is made. The attack is a two-handed lapel grab.

Example techniques: Neck and Chin Throw, Hip Throw, Fireman’s Throw.

For 4th Degree focus on:

  • redirection of the attacker
  • using minimum effort
  • using smaller circles.

Break – Free Choice – 4 boards

Choose a spectacular break to show your best techniques – can be 4 single breaks – one break with 4 boards – kicks, punches – be creative and safe.

Web Site Profile

NOTE: 4th degrees are asked to provide a profile for the web site (including photos)

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