Black Belt – 3rd Degree

3rd Degree Core Elements

  • Core Techniques 1 to 15 – two attackers (one at a time) – dynamic lapel grab – 75% resistance
  • Core techniques – 4 up
  • Poong Ryu Kom
  • Short stick (Danbon) defence against Sword (Kom) – 8 Strikes
  • Double short swords (Dan Kom)
  • Walking cane (Ji Pang Yee)
  • Self Defence against Self Defence
  • Momentum Self Defence
  • Breaking – drop board punch and stepping side kick.

Core Techniques 1 to 15

You will be required to perform the Core techniques – in order – against two attackers (one at a time) grabbing with a dynamic lapel grab – the attacker is to apply 75% resistance. Use the attacker’s force.

  • C1 Wing Lock
  • C2 Elbow Roll
  • C3 Z-lock
  • C4 Face Push
  • C5 Corkscrew Lock
  • C6 Fan Lock
  • C7 Hammer Lock
  • C8 Arm Bar
  • C9 Wrist & Shoulder Throw
  • C10 Leg Reap
  • C11 Hip Throw
  • C12 Step Behind & Throw
  • C13 Whip Throw
  • C14 Tornado Throw
  • C15 Neck & Chin Throw

Core Techniques 4 up

Combine 4 core techniques – demonstrate complete control of attacker from beginning to end – provide no opportunity for the attacker to escape or hit you during the transition – you can pick any four techniques – be creative but practical as well. You should work out how to turn an attacker’s resistance into the next technique. Have a set of about 5 combinations worked out for your grading.

Poong Yu Kom

Click on the image below to see the video on Youtube.

  1. Kneel with sword in front and bow.
  2. Slowly lean forward and grab sword with both hands, left palm up / right down
  3. Pull handle to right waist while left hand goes to tip of sword, swing sword to left side using upper body movement right first the left. Holding sword with left hand, blade up.
  4. Right hand moves to right thigh.
  5. Right hand grabs handle of sword slowly, bring sword around to right side, blade pointing away (slowly)
  6. Left hand covers blade for the rotation to right side.
  7. Handle should be in position for left hand to grab when rotated to right side.
  8. Step up to left leg, staying on right knee.
  9. Fake strike to head ( centre )
  10. Fake strike to head left side, sword parallel to floor, movement from hips
  11. Strike head centre
  12. Pull back sword slightly with body
  13. Move forward swapping legs, sword moving down to right side
  14. Move sword over head and fake strike to left side of head ( sword parallel )
  15. Reverse movement of sword and strike to right side at 45 degrees, then extend right leg just of full extension, push sword in reverse direction and strike down at 45 degrees to the left hand side just above toe height, toes pointed up while sitting back on left foot, upper body leaning slightly to the left.
  16. Pull sword in reverse while standing up and rotating on right foot 180 degrees
  17. Move sword across front of body (parallel)
  18. When sword is at left side drop hands to waist height then straight back up to chest height
  19. On inspiration bring sword across body to the right, raise sword over head, horizontal, look to the right, rotating hips, left then right, stepping to the right at the same time. Chest strike Expiration at end of strike.
  20. Drop sword to the right, raise sword directly overhead (tip of sword almost touching the spine) on inspiration. Step forward at 45 degrees with left foot for shoulder height strike on expiration.
  21. Repeat for wrist strike right foot forward.
  22. Raise sword to right shoulder height transferring weight to right foot raise left foot on inspiration, rotate hips right and then left, Looking left at 45 degrees step forward left foot for shoulder height strike on expiration.
  23. Look to the right rotating hips right then left with sword rotating over head at same time using both hands, and step into right half squat and low knee strike with sword in right hand, left palm facing outwards (on inspiration)
  24. On expiration spin 270 degrees without moving foot position into horse riding stance left palm upwards right hand holding sword with elbows extended just off full extension. Eyes watching tip of sword at all times.
  25. Look right, rotate hips, right then left. Sword must rotate overhead 360 degrees. Step to the right into a half squat with right low knee strike on inspiration, expiration at end of strike
  26. Tip of sword must fall down (blade up) rotate sword around to the left, blade then pointed down must bounce quickly of hand tip of sword behind neck, with elbow bending through movement, (straighten arm before moving body) on inspiration look to the left step up with left leg then right leg for a 180 degree revolution then come around with the left leg for a right horizontal sword strike (expiration during strike), left hand palm facing outwards. Stance position at this stage should be left foot forwards.
  27. Step back and 45 degrees with left foot ready for thrust on inspiration. Blade upwards.
  28. Slide left foot to the right foot and thrust with both hands blade facing upwards on expiration.
  29. Swing blade to left above head ( as in step ** ) using hips left then right then (bend knees) dropping sword to the left at 45 degrees, then move the sword to the right, left hand lets go of sword, right hand continues movement left hand slides to tip of sword and guides back to start position, using hips right then left.

Short stick (Danbon) Defence against Sword (Kom) – 8 Strikes

The Short Stick (Danbon in Korean) should be held loosely between thumb and second finger. Use the last two fingers to flick the Danbon. Point with first finger (pistol grip).

  1. head (top)
  2. head 15* (right (from attacker’s viewpoint))
  3. head 15* (left)
  4. shoulder 45* (right)
  5. shoulder 45* (left)
  6. knee 45* (right)
  7. knee 45* (left)
  8. head (top)
  • The defender is in a cat stance with the Danbon held in the home position.
  • After each block the Danbon must return to the home position.
  • Advance with each block forcing the attacker back.
  • Look at the handle of the sword not the tip. Let your reflexes take over.
  • This exercise is to demonstrate your ability to keep cool. Breathe out at each block.
  • For the attacker, don’t just swing the sword from side to side above your head (like a helicopter).
  • Each strike must be distinct and be aimed precisely at the target. This is training for the attacker as well.
  • To start with you can use a glove to protect your hand but in the grading you won’t be able to wear a glove.

Double Short Swords (Dan Kom)

For the grading you will need to demonstrate10 techniques.

Walking Cane (Ji Pang Yee)

For the grading you will need to demonstrate10 techniques.

Self Defence Against Self Defence

Use your opponent’s direction of force to counter their attack. Imagine their attack is like a cyclone. You should try to get to the centre of the cyclone. Hard to explain, easy to show.

Self Defence using the Opponent’s Momentum

These techniques are to be executed at the moment of, or just before contact is made. The attack is a two-handed lapel grab.

Example techniques: Neck and Chin Throw, Hip Throw, Fireman’s Throw.

For 3rd Degree focus on:

  • adding to your attacker’s momentum
  • using continuous motion
  • never stopping.

Breaking Technique – Drop board punch (1 bd)

Hold a board in one hand out in front of your chest – let it drop – punch it with the other hand.

This break requires speed and power – make sure you hit the board right in the middle and with your first two knuckles only. Punch through the board.

Kyup loudly before you drop it to build up adrenalin and on impact. Think positive – visualise a successful outcome before you start – do not entertain failure.

Breaking Technique – Stepping Side Kick (2 or 3 bd)

For stepping side kick you may choose 2 or 3 boards – this technique is to demonstrate that you have the power, speed and accuracy to deliver a side kick effectively.

During the grading the boards must be held using proper board-holding equipment to ensure the break is done safely for the people holding the boards. Before your grading check that the correct board holding equipment will be available at your grading.

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