2nd Degree Core Elements
- Core Techniques 1 to 15 – single attacker – dynamic single hand grab – 75% resistance
- Core techniques – 3 up (5)
- Sword (Kom) Patterns 1, 2 & 3 – kneeling
- Pole (Jangbon) Pattern # 2
- Short stick (Danbon) Self Defence – multiple grabbing
- Arresting Techniques (10)
- One-step sparring – lockup – against punches
- Pole (Jangbon) 1-step sparring
- Momentum Self Defence
- Sparring against 2 opponents
- Breaking Techniques – Jumping Back Kick (2 boards) or Scissor Kick (2 boards)
Core Techniques 1 to 15
You will be required to perform the Core techniques – in order – against a single attacker grabbing with a dynamic simple same-hand grab – the attacker is to apply 75% resistance. Use the attacker’s force.
- C1 Wing Lock
- C2 Elbow Roll
- C3 Z-lock
- C4 Face Push
- C5 Corkscrew Lock
- C6 Fan Lock
- C7 Hammer Lock
- C8 Arm Bar
- C9 Wrist & Shoulder Throw
- C10 Leg Reap
- C11 Hip Throw
- C12 Step Behind & Throw
- C13 Whip Throw
- C14 Tornado Throw
- C15 Neck & Chin Throw
Core Techniques 3 up
Combine 3 core techniques – demonstrate complete control of attacker from beginning to end – provide no opportunity for the attacker to escape or hit you during the transition.
You can pick any three techniques – be creative but practical as well.
You should work out how to turn an attacker’s resistance into the next technique.
Have a set of about 5 combinations worked out for your grading.
Sword (Kom) Pattern 1, 2 & 3 – kneeling
Cut across eyes & strike down
Your attacker is directly in front of you and is also kneeling. You bow, as a precaution your right hand remains on your sword.
As you bow, the attacker draws their sword to attack. You step out (RF) and cut across their eyes. They stumble back, you shuffle in and cut all the way down to the waist (Kyup).
Pull the sword back to your right shoulder, ready in case there are other attackers. When everything is clear, shake the blood from the blade and return it to the sheath.Your attacker is directly in front of you and is kneeling. You bow, as a precaution your right hand remains on your sword.
Hit ribs, thrust back & strike down
There are two attackers, A in front and B behind – both are kneeling.
Attacker A attempts to draw their sword. You block their draw with the handle of your sword and strike at their ribs at the same time (both hands on the hilt).
Attacker B then attacks from a standing position, you thrust to the throat of B (sword blade horizontal).
Pull the sword out of B and strike A with a direct cut all the way to the waist. (kyup).
Pull the sword back to your right shoulder, ready in case there are other attackers.
When everything is clear, shake the blood from the blade and return it to the sheath.
Twist release, thrust to the front, strike behind, strike front
There are two attackers, A in front and B behind – both are standing.
Attacker A attempts to grab your sword. Step forwards with the left foot, release their grip as you twist to the right, pull out your sword and before A can attack, thrust to the throat of A (sword blade vertical and supported by your left hand).
Pull the sword out of A and strike B with a single cut all the way to the waist (kyup).
Pull the sword back to your right shoulder, ready in case there are other attackers.
When everything is clear, shake the blood from the blade and return it to the sheath as pivot 180 degrees back towards the front.
Pole Pattern # 2
Short stick (Danbon) self defence – multiple grabbing
Use the short stick (Danbon in Korean) as an extension to your own self defence. Using sensitive areas around forearm, shin, triceps, Achilles tendon, etc. Use powerful triangle. Practice these in a multiple grabbing situation.
- Strikes to the body – thrust to solar plexus, collarbone, shins (when they kick you)
- Against Grabs – single hand, cross hands, double hands, two hands onto one, double lapel, shoulder, hair, bear hug, headlock, punch, front kick, turning kick.
These techniques are used to arrest someone who doesn’t want to be arrested. These techniques are easier to apply if the person doesn’t know they are going to be arrested, so try not to give any indication of what you want to do. The first thing they will probably want to do is punch you so the pain must come on immediately.
Because Hapkidoists are “best members of the society” when you release the person they should not be injured. However a distraction (kick to the shins) can give you the time you need to apply the technique. Your grip must be strong and yet ready to change if your opponent reacts badly.
At an advanced level you can try going from one arresting technique to another without losing them. The reason for this is that after a while, a joint becomes numb and you may need to change to maintain control (if the police station is far away). Also keep one hand free to open the door. For these examples you are attacking the opponent’s left arm (usually their weakest one?).
1 Wrist lock – finger out
Attack from the rear. Grab the hand (RH thumb and forefinger) and the elbow (LH), and finish in a gooseneck lock (their fingers pointing away).
2 Wrist lock – fingers in
Attack from the rear. Grab the hand (palm up) and the elbow (LH), and finish in a gooseneck lock (their fingers towards you).
3 Shoulder lock – same arm
Attack from the front or side. Push your right arm through, left hand to the elbow and finish in a hammer lock.
4 Arm bar
Attack from the front or side. Grab their hand (LH), push your right hand through and across their chest. Apply arm bar.
5 Police elbow lock
Attack from the front or side. Grab their hand (LH), elbow strike to head (RH). Apply police elbow lock (Arm bar).
6 Wrist/Elbow lock – palm up
Attack from the front or side. Grab their hand (LH), keep their hand low, apply wrist lock (palm up) and apply arm bar with your elbow pushing upwards against their elbow at the same time as you are applying the wrist lock.
7 Wrist & forearm lock
Attack from the front or side. Grab their hand with both hand, spin clockwise, put their wrist on your chest and lock the wrist and forearm.
8 Finger lock
Attack from the front, side or rear. Grab two or three fingers (the last three are the best), get them up on their toes and keep their punching hand (the other arm) away from you.
One-step sparring – lockup – against punches
One step sparring – lockup is aimed at helping you develop the finishes on your self defence techniques. During multiple grabbing there is often not enough time to finish a technique by locking up the attacker.
You face your attacker in whatever stance or position you like – the attacker attempts to punch you. They can do any of the following:
- a jab
- a cross
- jab/cross combination
- they can put a hand on your chest and punch you with the other hand
- they can step through and punch you.
You need to block or evade the punches, than apply your self-defence technique to completion – that is – finish with the attacker locked up and unable to continue – either on the ground or standing.
Try to use the momentum of the attack – don’t stop after you have blocked – keep going – keep the motion flowing. If the attacker pulls their punching hand back when you grab it – use that pulling back motion to form the basis of your technique.
When you get better at your techniques encourage your attacker to punch more realistically. Practice the trapping actions over and over again so they become habit.
Be careful not to bend forwards when locking your attacker – keep you body upright and bend your legs to get down to the attacker. After all, their friends may be around waiting to attack you. You should remain aware of what else is happening around you.
Pole (Jangbon) 1-step sparring
1. A) Wrist Strike
D) Evade (to left), wrist strike (rear of pole), head strike, knee strike.
2. A) Strike Head (straight down)
D) Double Upper Block, deflect pole to left, strike head (15* right).
3. A) Strike Waist (15* right)
D) Left Waist Block, thrust to throat, strike head with rear of pole (straight down), uppercut to groin.
4. A) Giant Swing to head (45* left)
D) Evade (back), thrust to throat
5. A) Deep low knee strike (left, cross over feet)
D) Low Block (lift front leg), step back and wrist strike.
6. A) Knee strike (right)
D) Lower Block (lift front leg), thrust to throat
A) Deflect thrust to the left
D) Strike pole then follow up with a low spinning knee strike.
Self Defence using the Opponent’s Momentum
These techniques are to be executed at the moment of, or just before contact is made. The attack is a two-handed lapel grab.
Example techniques: Neck and Chin Throw, Hip Throw, Fireman’s Throw.
For 2nd Degree focus on
- proper leverage
- correct hand positions when you grab your attackers
- keeping your balance throughout the entire technique
- maintaining a good posture.
Sparring against two opponents
- Don’t get in between them.
- Don’t go down (easy to say).
- Keep the person you are fighting between you and the other opponent.
- Try to use a weapon, a chair, a stick, your belt (with a big buckle), your jacket.
- Use natural barriers to help you, chairs, narrow corridors, stairways, a wall.
- In the street, scream, hit the first one (the one with the big mouth) as hard as you can and then worry about the other person. First chance you get, run.
You will be asked to demonstrate one of the following in the grading – practice both in the class.
Jumping Back Kick (2 boards)
Scissor Kick (2 boards)