Concepts and Principles

Teaching Techniques with proper progression of skills

The following stages are important in the teaching of any self-defence technique:

  • Mechanism – leverage, body weight, circle, torque, centre of rotation, centre of gravity, balance, sources of power
  • Footwork – to off-balance attacker, to nullify their attacking opportunities, to be in a stronger position
  • Flow – not stopping, blending with opponent’s effort, using their momentum, creating momentum if required
  • Meeting resistance – what if they do not co-operate, what if they are taller, shorter, using pressure points
  • Finishing – how to finish it off – lock, strike, run
  • Different Scenarios – different situations – 2 hands, clothes, rear, strike, etc

By the end of these stages the student should be able to execute a technique with understanding and be able to adapt the technique to most situations. Our aim is to teach our core techniques through all these stages. That is, students will know the techniques properly.

Patterns, Footwork Drills, Self Defence Drills and Weapons

Patterns, Self-Defence Drills and Weapons are taught as follows:



Poong Ryu Do

Self Defence Drill



Patterns 1 and 2 Hand Techniques

Poong Ryu Bup – Part 1



Yellow Tip



Self Defence Drill 1 Releases and Striking



Pattern 3 – Four Direction Deflect & Counter




Green Tip


Poong Ryu Bup – Part 2

Self Defence Drill 2 Core Techniques 1-6

Rolled up magazine


Pattern 4 Tae Soo Pattern




Blue Tip


Poong Ryu Bup – Part 3

Self Defence Drill 3 Core Techniques 7-12

Short Stick – Danbon


Pattern 5 Crane Pattern




Red Tip

Pattern 6

Poong Yu Kwan

Poong Yu Kwan

Self Defence Drill 4 Core Techniques 13-15

Sword – Jukto


Pattern 7

Four Direction Throws




Black Tip

Pattern 8

Eagle Pattern


Self Defence Drill 5 Multiple Attackers

Pole – Jangbon

Poong Ryu Do

Poong Yu Do was introduced to the Australian Hapkido Association by Professor Il Wong Huh in 1995. Professor Huh is an 8th Degree Hapkido Master from Myung Ji University in Yong-In, South Korea.

Poong Yu Do is a soft and flowing set of movements that Professor Huh felt would help improve the fluidity of techniques.

Always start training with meditation for several minutes. Palms crossed left inside the right with centre of palm into Danjun.

Breathing control exercise sitting crossed legged gently raising and lowering your hands. Raise your hands on inspiration and lower on expiration.

With all standing positions, place tongue on roof of your mouth, gently pull up or contract pelvic floor and try and lift arches of feet off floor so contact is mainly through balls of feet and heels.

Core Techniques

These techniques form the core of our techniques (that is, most other variations should originate from one of these). The order relates to the order in which they are taught.

Fundamental to the order is the assumption that the student has the skill to do the technique and receive the technique (i.e. fall safely).

White belt focuses on learning power, releases, punches, elbows, knees and low kicks. Choking self defence would remain. Students learn to release from all sorts of attacks (clothes, rear, double hands, etc) – that way they can participate in multiple grabbing.

The actual joint locks would only start at Yellow Belt. See table on following page. More complex techniques are taught after Blue Belt once the core techniques have been learnt properly – leg defence, knife defence, groundwork, etc. So all core techniques will be taught by Blue Belt.

Techniques must be taught at a point where the attacker knows the fall. For example, doing the turning side fall for whip throw at Blue Belt, the side fall for the Leg Reap at Blue Tip.

Core Techniques and their applications



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